Saturday, December 29, 2012


"You'll be ordained before you start school in the fall, right?"  Inger asked me as we were standing in line at a coffee shop.  

I'm generally not a superstitious person, but I quickly looked around for some wood to knock―sort of a shorthand for "if it is God's will."  

I said, "If all goes according to plan, I will be recorded as a minister by my meeting over the summer."

I have now mentioned a few times on this blog that I am in the recording process at Freedom Friends Church, but I haven't felt ready to write about it directly.  Even though I have actually been in the process for years now, it still felt tenuous.  But the process is going forward, and I don't feel like I can avoid writing about it any longer.

First, some definitions and background.  Friends do not ordain ministers.  That is because Friends do not believe that people can make ministers, only God can give gifts of ministry.  Instead, Friends observe and record the gifts of ministry.  As section 4-5.1 of Freedom Friends' Faith and Practice states,
We recognize that God gifts and calls some individuals to sustained and public service. We recognize that God ordains these individuals. Friends can only recognize and record their gifts and calls. The purpose of this recording is to nurture and hold accountable these individuals and to give them the benefit of community discernment in the exercise of their gifts for the benefit of Friends and the world.
There are many yearly meetings around the world that still record ministers, but most liberal, unprogrammed Friends lay down the recording of ministers during the 20th century.  There were a variety of reasons for doing so, but my sense is that most of those Friends felt that recording ministers was inconsistent with the testimony of equality.

For those Friends who continue to record ministers, the recording processes vary greatly.  A few years ago, I interviewed a number of women from different yearly meetings who have been recorded as ministers.  That paper is available on my blog under the tag Gifts to Share.  

Last year, a task force at Freedom Friends looked at our Faith and Practice section on recording and created an annotated outline of the process.  They wrote, "This list presumes things going forward, it is possible at any point for the Friend, Clearness Committee, M and O or the Monthly Meeting to lay down or pause the process."  The task force also noted that the list is intended as a gentle framework with lots of room for flexibility and individuality.  The framework is:
  1. Ministry is observed and/or the Friend feels led towards ministry.
  2. Ministry and Oversight minutes step 1.
  3. The Friend Meets with Ministry and Oversight for prayer, guidance and first set of queries.
  4. Ministry proceeds.
  5. The Monthly Meeting is notified that a Friend is being advised.
  6. Ministry Proceeds
  7. Ministry and Oversight recommends that the Friend is entered into a season of discernment, possibly leading to recording. The Monthly meeting is asked for its blessing of this.
  8. A Clearness Committee is formed by M and O and the Friend with at least one member of M and O.
  9. The Clearness Committee meets with the Friend and considers the second set of Queries, the CC and Friend design a support and accountability framework, including a timeframe for meeting and reporting.
  10. Ministry proceeds.    
  11. CC occasionally reports to M and O and M and O reports to the meeting.
  12. When the CC feels that the Friends is ready to be recorded they let M and O know.
  13. M and O recommends recording to the monthly meeting
  14. The MM discerns the recording. 
  15. If approved, a certificate will be made and a celebration would be appropriate.
I have now met with a recording committee twice, so I think that means I am on step 10 of the process.  

My recording committee is made up of three Friends, two from Freedom Friends and one from Multnomah Monthly Meeting.  Our first meeting in November was mostly organizational: how often the committee would meet, what the structure of the meetings will look like, how long we expect this process to take, etc.  We agreed to meet once a month, with the hope that the committee will bring a recommendation to the monthly meeting by June.  In our December meeting, the committee listened patiently for about two hours as I recounted a time when my ministry went particularly badly.  The topic for our January meeting is "power."

I have had a number of clearness/support/care committees over the years and they have all been wonderful.  This committee is no exception.  I have been nervous each time before we have met, but I don't need to be.  These Friends listen deeply, ground our meetings in worship, and ask good and challenging questions.

As noted, it is possible at any point to lay down the process.  I almost did last summer.  I had received the meeting's blessing to go forward with the process and the next step was to ask Friends to be on my recording committee, but I was dragging my feet.  

It is always hard to ask people to be on a support committee, but the real reason I was stalling was that the Faith and Practice states that recorded ministers can "arrange for nurture and accountability through other means that they desire, such as requesting elders, clearness or care committees, or spiritual direction."  It seemed like, at the end of the recording process, I would be in the same position as at the start, and wondered why I should subject myself to a recording process.

But then I spoke with a friend from an FUM yearly meeting who casually mentioned in our conversation that she was in the recording process, but was not meeting the benchmarks. Friends tend to be pretty quiet about these things, so I hadn't even known that she was in the recording process.

For the next few days, my heart felt lighter when I thought about our conversation.  I realized that, although I know a couple young women who are in the recording processes through their yearly meetings, and I know a lot of young Friends who are gifted and active in ministry, I do not know a single recorded minister who looks like me.  That feels deeply wrong.  If Friends truly believe that God gives gifts of ministry to people of all ages, races, and genders, our recorded ministers should reflect that belief.

Of course, the deep question when it comes to recording (the question that runs through my mind and seems to be out in the world, even if people don't usually say it directly) is this:
Who do you think you are?
 Or, what makes you so special?  Why should you be recorded as a minister?

When I hear that voice, I take a deep breath and try to remember who I am.  My name is Ashley Marie Wilcox.  I am 31 years old. I am a member of Freedom Friends Church of the Religious Society of Friends.  I am a beloved child of God.  

I believe that God has entrusted me with gifts of ministry and that those gifts are not for me alone, but for my meeting and for the Religious Society of Friends as a whole.  I need my meeting to support me and hold me accountable in using those gifts, and I have found through (sometimes painful) experience that my ministry bears more fruit when I go through the processes my meeting has put in place to provide support and accountability.  

So, I am going forward with the recording process.  I am sure there will be highs and lows along the way, but I trust my meeting to hold me in this process and I have faith that all will be according to God's will.

[For more information about the recording process at Freedom Friends as well as readings about recording in general, see the Resources page on the Freedom Friends website.]


  1. Thank thee Ashley for sharing the process of Freedom Friends in being faithful. Thier discernment is a gift of God.
    Holding thee in the Light
    A NCYMC Friend
    Charles Ansell

    1. Thank you for holding me in the Light, Charlie! It's great to hear from you.

  2. Thanks for a thoughtful and personal description of what the recording process feels like from the inside. The process, which is different in many yearly meetings, can feel very daunting at times.

    I would add that recording doesn't give any special privileges. Rather, it often serves as a kind of a "passport" or permanent letter of introduction. In effect, recording says that such-and-such meeting has witnessed Friend so-and-so engaging regularly in some form of ministry, and the meeting recognizes the gift and recommends their ministry to other Friends they may come into contact with.

    Recording is also a way for a meeting to say that they expect Friend so-and-so to "mind their gift", to keep working at it, not to give up. It's the Quaker way of expressing Luke 12:48, "From everyone to whom much has been given, much will be required; and from the one to whom much has been entrusted, even more will be demanded."

    Pastors are often recorded ministers, but not all recorded ministers are pastors. In a strong meeting of 50-100 members, there may well be 4-6 recorded ministers. Most newcomers won't know who the recorded ministers are, and the recorded ministers won't make any fuss about it. They will just get on with what God is calling them to do.

    I have known many recorded ministers with a gift for preaching, but also ministers with a gift for public or private prayer; with gifts of teaching, administration, evangelism, prison ministry, traveling, hospitality, and many other gifts. The lists of gifts frequently cited in 1 Corinthians, Ephesians and elsewhere are only examples to spark imagination and yearning.

    Best wishes and blessings as you seek to exercise your gifts in ministry. I hope that you will stick with it -- not just through the recording process, but in a life of ministry!

    1. Thank you, Joshua, for your kind and thoughtful comment. When I was interviewing recorded ministers, I was surprised to find how often the recording served as that kind of "passport" among non-Friends as well. Friends told me that the recording opened ecumenical doors for them that would not have opened otherwise.


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